The web contains the most popular content on the internet and—most likely—much of the content that beginning internet users ever see. Spam is the jargon name of unwanted and unsolicited email. DevOps: DevOps is a set of practices that combines software development and IT operations. These acronyms are used to discuss LAN, internet, WAN, routing and switching protocols, and their applicable organizations. CSP: Cloud Service Provider; a business model for providing cloud services. Downloading is a broad term that describes transferring something you find on the internet or the World Wide Web to your computer or another device. These terms includes that use in Internet, computer and other devices. IP Address or Number - Internet Protocol. SID: Service Set Identifier; a name that identifies a wireless network. It is used throughout your session as a means of identifying you. Traditional databases are organized by fields, records (a complete set of fields), and files (a collection of records). For example, on your home network, your Windows computer’s hostname may be WINDOWSPC. Word processor = “un traitement de texte” 8. You use a client program like Microsoft Outlook for retrieving new mail from the server and for composing and sending messages. Reducing available ways of attack typically includes changing default passwords, the removal of unnecessary software, unnecessary usernames or logins, and the disabling or removal of unnecessary services. The intent of MDM is to optimize the functionality and security of a mobile communications network. A router can be wired or wireless or both. Desktop: On computers like IBM PC or compatibles and Macintoshes, the backdrop where windows and icons for disks and applications reside. NAT: Network Address Translation; a standard that enables a LAN to use a set of IP addresses for internal traffic and a single IP address for communications with the Internet. Encryption is the basis for how we use the internet as a pipeline to conduct trusted business, like online banking and online credit card purchasing. Wherever you browse, whenever you send an email or instant message, and whenever you download a file, your IP address serves as the equivalent of an automobile license plate to enforce accountability and traceability. The cloud is the modern version of the 1970s mainframe computing model. The “managed” part means that an IT provider installs the software on a company’s computers and other devices and schedules regular scans to check for issues, as well as ensuring the programs are updated and monitors the health of the network. This list is by no means complete. ... Google to build new internet cable under the sea. Crowdsourcing takes away the task that you have to do in-house or by using an employee and letting a bigger group of people do it. The World Wide Web, or web for short, is the space where digital content is served to users of the internet. You may choose to pay more for a higher-speed internet connection if you like to stream movies or select a less expensive package if you use the internet mostly for light browsing and email. Whenever you log in to your online bank account or a shopping site that you enter credit card information into, look for https in the URL for security. Email is electronic mail. Exploit Kits: An exploit kit or exploit pack is a type of toolkit cybercriminals use to attack vulnerabilities in systems so they can distribute malware or perform other malicious activities. Serial port: An interface on a computer that supports transmission of a single bit at a time; can be used for connecting almost any type of external device including a mouse, a modem, or a printer. The exodus was so large that WhatsApp has been forced to delay the implementation of the new terms, which had been slated for 8 February, and run a … Other Internet protocols like FTP, Gopher, and HTTP sit on top of TCP/IP. Although most of us experience IT in terms of personal computing devices (smartphones, tablets, or laptops), office productivity tools (word processors or spreadsheets), or infrastructure functionality (routers and servers), IT is steadily becoming more sophisticated and critical to everything we do. Spam: Email spam, also known as junk email or unsolicited bulk email (UBE), is a subset of spam that involves nearly identical messages sent to numerous recipients by email. In the case of computing, a firewall consists of software or hardware that protects a computer from hackers and viruses. It is seen as a subset of artificial intelligence. SD-WAN: SD-WAN is an acronym for software-defined networking in a wide area network. An ISP is the company or government organization that plugs you into the vast internet. For example internet use is an individual freedom. Nameserver: A computer that runs a program for converting Internet domain names into the corresponding IP addresses and vice versa. Often using the same technologies as the Internet. Once installed, it is possible to connect to the website over https://www.domain.com, as this tells the server to establish a secure connection with the browser. In most cases, IP addresses are assigned automatically. Blockchain: A growing list of records, called blocks, that are linked using cryptography. Beginners don't usually need to assign an IP address. Protect yourself by not downloading files that are sent to you in emails or that you see on unfamiliar websites. The network hierarchy consists of domains and subdomains. Most of the time, the French equivalent is just a literal translation of the English term. Malware is a broad term that describes any malicious software designed by hackers. For a beginner who strives to make sense of the internet and the World Wide Web, an understanding of basic terms is helpful. A SAN typically has its own network of storage devices that are generally not accessible through the regular network by regular devices. With more than 750 pages, this dictionary is one of the most comprehensive resources available. If you choose to use a different router, you may need to enter information into it. Look for a spam or junk folder in your mailbox to see your quarantined or filtered email. A malicious user can take control of the computing or communication components of water pumps, transportation, pipeline valves, etc., and cause damage to property and put lives at risk. Risk assessments help guide an organization in making rational decisions to improve their security posture and align risk with acceptable tolerance levels. To protect yourself against hackers who want your personal information, be suspicious. The Computer Dictionary is now available as a stand-alone mobile app for the Windows phone 7. Upload. Wireless (networking): The ability to access the Internet without a physical network connection. Named after the famous Trojan horse tale, Trojan programs masquerade as legitimate files or software programs. Network: A group of interconnected computers capable of exchanging information. Subscribe to our monthly newsletter to receive technology and business tips. Cross-Platform: Cross-platform (a.k.a. WEP provides the same level of security as that of a wired LAN. Twitter is a popular social networking site that enables you to create a profile and post short public messages known as 'tweets'. Information Security Policy: An information security policy is a set of rules that guide individuals who work with IT assets. Service Level Agreement (SLA): A service level agreement (SLA) is a contract that establishes a set of deliverables that one party (the service provider) has agreed to provide another (the client). WEP: Wired Equivalent Privacy; a security protocol for wireless local area networks defined in the 802.11b standard. In this network each computer is recognized by a globally unique address known as IP address. However, you aren't limited to one address or email service. Corporate Headquarters*9160 Red Branch Road Suite W-1Columbia, Maryland 21045 Main: 410.720.3300*24/7 Network Operations Center, Baltimore, MD Office100 International Drive23rd Floor Baltimore, MD 21202Local: 443.853.9699, Washington, DC Office1300 I Street NW 4th Floor Washington, DC 20005Local: 202.410.2566. Remote login: An interactive connection from your desktop computer over a network or telephone lines to a computer in another location (remote site). Your ISP provides you with a connection to their own WAN, which connects to the Internet. When a computer wants to connect to another computer, it connects to that computer’s IP address. Application Programming Interface (API): An application programming interface is a computing interface that defines interactions between multiple software intermediaries. Beginning and advanced internet users all access the web through web browser software, which is included on computers and mobile devices at the time of purchase. Virus: A program intended to alter data on a computer in an invisible fashion, usually for mischievous or destructive purposes. VPN: Virtual Private Networking; a means of securely accessing resources on a network by connecting to a remote access server through the Internet or other network. XML is eXtensible Markup Language, a cousin to HTML. Exchange’s major features consist of electronic mail, calendaring, contacts and tasks; support for mobile and web-based access to information; and support for data storage. The token displays a number which is entered following the PIN number to uniquely identify the owner to a particular network service. Many blogs accept and respond to comments. You may access a free ISP at school, a library, or work, or you may pay for a private ISP at home. For example: 1. Two-factor authentication is a type, or subset, of multi-factor authentication. Also referred to as a “nickname”. Wi-Fi: Wireless Fidelity; A generic term from the Wi-Fi Alliance that refers to of any type of 802.11 network (e.g., 802.11b, 802.11a, dual-band, etc.). A web page is what you see in a web browser when you are on the internet. Microsoft Azure: Microsoft Azure, commonly referred to as Azure, is a cloud computing service created by Microsoft for building, testing, deploying, and managing applications and services through Microsoft-managed data centers. Try These Tips, DNS Caching and How It Makes Your Internet Better. This contrasts with the traditional method of having point solutions for each security function. All browsers are slightly different, but the Certificate always contains the same information. When installed on a web server, it activates the padlock and the https protocol (over port 443) and allows secure connections from a web server to a browser. However, the invention of the atomic bomb cannot be an individual freedom. MAC: Media Access Control; The hardware address of a device connected to a shared network. Network bandwidth is usually expressed in bits per second (bps); modern networks typically have speeds measured in the millions of bits per second (megabits per second, or Mbps) or billions of bits per second (gigabits per second, or Gbps). URLs may be listed at the bottom of business cards, on TV screens during commercial breaks, linked in documents you read on the internet, or delivered by one of the internet search engines. Your other devices can connect to WINDOWSPC and will be pointed at that computer’s local IP address. It uses standard telephone lines to deliver high-speed data communications (up to 24 megabytes per second). That is, you will have a loosely defined group, which will do the work for you. Your computer and every device that connects to the internet uses an Internet Protocol address for identification. Data Loss Prevention (DLP): Data loss prevention (DLP) is a set of tools and processes used to ensure that sensitive data is not lost, misused, or accessed by unauthorized users. Security Operations Center (SOC): A centralized unit that deals with security issues on an organizational and technical level. Risk Management: Risk management is the application of principles to manage the risks in a business that come with the ownership, involvement, operation, influence, adoption and use of IT in an organization. Localhost: The hostname “localhost” always corresponds to the device you’re using. Microsoft Windows: A group of operating systems for PC or compatible computers; Windows provides a graphical user interface so you can point and click to indicate what you want to do. CNET news editors and reporters provide top technology news, with investigative reporting and in-depth coverage of tech issues and events. It is the sending and receiving of typewritten messages from one screen to another. When you type howtogeek.com into your web browser’s address bar, your computer contacts its DNS server and the DNS server replies with the numerical IP address of How-To Geek’s server, which is what your computer connects to. Files can contain documents or programs and can be ASCII text or binary data. Viruses are often transferred across the Internet as well as by infected diskettes and can affect almost every type of computer. In IT, crowdsourcing usually involves the general public. By design, a blockchain is resistant to modification of the data. SSL Certificates bind together: An organizational identity (i.e. Generally includes redundant or backup power supplies, redundant data communications connections, environmental controls (e.g., air conditioning, fire suppression) and security devices. Disaster recovery: Disaster recovery is the process, policies and procedures related to preparing for recovery or continuation of technology infrastructure critical to an organization after a natural or human-induced disaster. However, it provides a good starting point to further … Social Engineering: Social engineering is the art of manipulating people into giving up confidential information, usually through technology. [1] [2] [3] The table contains only current, common, non-proprietary initialisms that are specific to information technology. Disaster recovery is a subset of business continuity. Customer Relationship Management: Customer relationship management refers to a set of processes, tools, technologies and software that help businesses manage their relationships with their customers. You can monitor and adjust a managed switch locally or remotely, to give you greater network control. Help desk: A help desk is an information and assistance resource that troubleshoots problems with computers or similar products. These activities include many daily chores such as project management, system backups, change control, and help desk. It provides a “gateway” between your LAN and WAN. An authentication method in which a computer user is granted access only after successfully presenting two or more pieces of evidence to an authentication mechanism: knowledge, possession, and inherence. Military. Recovery Point Objective (RPO): Recovery Point Objective (RPO) is an important part of an IT Disaster Recovery plan and describes a period of time in which business operations must be restored following a disruptive event, such as a cyberattack, natural disaster or communications failure. Most of the security controls like segmentation of the network, detection of intrusions, and access control are automated and they are controlled through security software. Love your tech and science news? Microsoft Exchange: Microsoft Exchange Server is the server side of a client–server, collaborative application product developed by Microsoft. While business continuity involves planning for keeping all aspects of a business functioning in the midst of disruptive events, disaster recovery focuses on the IT or technology systems that support business functions. The computer name is at the lowest level of the hierarchy. Patch: Piece of software designed to update a computer program or its supporting data, to fix or improve it. MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions; a protocol that enables you to include various types of files (text, audio, video, images, etc.) MSP: Managed Service Provider; A business model for providing information-technology services. LinkedIn is a combination of a social and professional site. Technology definition is - the practical application of knowledge especially in a particular area : engineering. That cable plugs into an Ethernet port on your computer. That way, you can join a group where you know people. For English speakers, the Spanish of computers and the internet can be surprisingly easy—in areas of technology, many Spanish terms were adopted from English, and many English words in the sciences come to us via Latin or Greek, which are also the sources of Spanish … Commonly, downloading is associated with songs, music, and software files. Spear Phishing: Phishing attempts directed at specific individuals or companies is known as spear phishing. Contrast to a “dialog box” which is used to respond to prompts for input from an application. monitoring, and controlling of lighting, alarms, and vehicle barriers. MDR: Managed detection and response (MDR) is an outsourced service that provides organizations with threat hunting services and responds to threats once they are discovered. If you want to go back, use the arrows provided for that purpose in most browsers. 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