This tutorial includes Bokmål only. Norwegian articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Examples … The Grammar is an essential source for the serious student of Norwegian, and for students of comparative linguistics. Here are some examples: Notice the structure of the Articles in Norwegian. Also keep also in mind that in the Norwegian spoken (norsk talemål) and written language, it’s common to use the so-called double determination, dobbel bestemmelse. Nynorsk is a North-Germanic language, close in form to both Icelandic and the other form of written Norwegian . Cozy up with one of these Norwegian books, recommended by our language experts. To show ownership, there is an enclitic -s similar to English -'s; Sondres flotte bil (Sondre's nice car, Sondre being a personal name). Exercise 2: Skatt i Norge. Norwegian Grammar. Explanations are clear, free from jargon and often accompanied by exercises. The volume is organised to promote a thorough understanding of Norwegian grammar… Let’s look at an example where you use det as a demonstrative in Norwegian: Example 7: That house was very nice – Det huset var veldig fint. There are three genders in the Norwegian language: masculine (hankjønn), feminine (hunkjønn) and neuter … A very common definite article, called a demonstrative, in Norwegian is the word det/den (depends on the gender of the noun – you use det in front neuter nouns and den in front of masculine and feminine nouns). The definite article (the) is not a … The definite article is in English the and is used when you refer to something specific and known that has been mentioned earlier. Here are some examples of how they can be used in Norwegian sentences: Example 1: I bought a new bicycle because the old one I had was so bad – Jeg kjøpte en ny sykkel fordi den gamle jeg hadde var så dårlig. Example 2: I got this watch from a girl I know – Jeg fikk denne klokka av ei jente jeg kjenner. He spent the first year of his life in London until his parents divorced when he was a year old. Tag:articles in Norwegian, grammar, Indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian. The Grammar is an essential source for the serious student of Norwegian, and for students of comparative linguistics. norwegian grammar 101. There are several interesting things to note about the example above. Norwegian (Norwegian: norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is an official language.Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties; some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. This website contains interactive exercises for self-study and practice. Browse pages. Norwegian grammar consists of both easy and difficult parts. Examples are "the, a, and an". An indefinite article is in English a or an and it’s used when referring to a noun that is non-specific, and not known from the context. Once you're done with Norwegian Articles, you might want to check the rest of our Norwegian lessons here: Learn Norwegian. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary. Example 9: The high tree – Det høye treet. Grammar. (Choose between past tense and present perfect in this text.) This article shows you how to inflect Norwegian nouns . Norwegian: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Norwegian (the Bokmål standard). Example 3: It costs a lot of money to buy a nice house – Det koster veldig mye penger å kjøpe et fint hus. Both example 7, example 8 and example 9 are examples that illustrate this phenomenon. Here are some examples of how they can be used in Norwegian sentences: There are other grammatical similarities, too. These are all examples of indefinite articles in Norwegian and are the equivalents of the English a or an. When you use det instead of just the suffix (-et in this case), you say that house instead of the house. The most common articles in the Norwegian language is en, ei and et which you place before nouns according to their gender (note that for feminine Norwegian nouns you can choose to use ei or en). It isn’t always the inflection of the nouns you use to express that something is in definite form though. This is however not the case. Nynorsk grammar is closer in grammar to Old West Norse than Bokmål is, as the latter developed from Danish. A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters and sounds.. On the other hand we have definite articles. Below is a list of vocabulary where you can use the Definite and Indefinite Articles in Norwegian. (Choose the correct form of the nouns.) For example to make the possessive in Norwegian they add an ‘s’ to the end of the word as we do in English: man = mann Grammatical genders are inherent properties of nouns, and each gender has its own forms of inflection. The reason for the different endings in the nouns above is that the Norwegian nouns have to be inflected according to its gender (read: How to inflect Norwegian nouns). While the two Germanic languages with the greatest numbers of speakers, English and German, have close similarities with Norwegian, neither is mutually intelligible with it. (Choose between past tense and present perfect in this text.) Home All Posts... norwegian grammar 101. If you're trying to learn Norwegian Feminine you will find some useful resources including a course about genders: Feminine and Masculine...to help you with your Norwegian grammar.Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that … There are two indefinite articles (a or an) that correspond with these genders: en for masculine nouns and et for neuter nouns. There are three indefinite articles (a or an) that correspond with Norwegian genders: en for masculine nouns, ei for feminine nouns and et for neuter nouns. It is however also permitted to write den glade gutt and det høye tre (you write with enkel bestemmelse instead of dobbel bestemmelse) if you’re writing in bokmål (not very common though). Reading is a great way to supplement your language studies. The fact is that when you refer to a noun in definite form with an attributive adjective in front of it, you have to use the demonstrative det/den in Norwegian. You can for instance say the football if you talk about a specific and known football – not just any football. In English, both "the" and "a" are articles, which combine with a noun to form a noun phrase. Configure Space tools. Note however that den glade gutten with double determination is also the most common expression in bokmål. Let’s compare two identical examples in English and Norwegian: Example 4: The house was very nice – Huset var veldig fint. Let’s look at some examples. Learn Norwegian. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. en/ei/et (depending on the grammatical gender such as, en bil (a car), et hus (a house), ei jente (a girl). So, now we know the meaning of indefinite and definite articles. Norwegian: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Norwegian (the Bokmål standard). As you can see, the indefinite articles in Norwegian and in English are quite similar – both languages have articles put before the noun in singular. Welcome to Exploring Norwegian Grammar! Here are different articles which discuss different aspects about Norwegian grammar. The Quick Guide to Norwegian grammar; 15 more child pages. Norwegian is unusual in that the definite article, i.e the , is formed by adding - en at the end of masculine words, - a at the end of feminine words and - et at the end of neuter words. In today's video we will learn the Norwegian noun genders and the articles! Thanks to Dan for helping with this tutorial and Celine for the recordings! After reading this article you will know what the difference is between indefinite and definite articles, the most common Norwegian articles (or determiners), and how to use them correctly when speaking or writing Norwegian. Nouns. Example 5: The car was driving past us – Bilen kjørte forbi oss. Norwegian uses on the other hand the suffix (ending) of the noun to express this form. The Grammar presents a fresh and accessible description of the language. List of Nouns in Norwegian Below is a list of the Nouns and Words in Norwegian placed in a table. Indefinite And Definite Articles In Norwegian, Indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian, #1 - Jean-Jacques Rousseau - naturmennesket og barneoppdragelse. Norwegian is spoken by over 5 million people in Norway and over 63,000 people outside of Norway. Norwegian word order is very similar to English and follows the usual SVO pattern and even with longer sentences Norwegian shows a remarkable similarity to English. Norwegian adjectives in attributive form (attributive form = e.g. Learning the Norwegian Articles displayed below is vital to the language. Firstly, it’s relevant to quickly explain the difference in meaning between saying Huset var veldig fint and Det huset var veldig fint. ‘a nice car’) vary in forms depending on whether the noun is in singular or plural, the gender of the noun and whether it’s in indefinite or definite form. In contrast to the English definite article, Norwegian does not have a definite article to put before the noun (in English: the), to express that something is in definite form. It’s evident that when you’re using det, it becomes more clear that you think that house was very nice and not another house. It is ideal for use in colleges, universities and adult classes of all types. Therefore it is called a demonstrative article (determiner). It is ideal for use in colleges, universities and adult classes of all types. After reading this article you will know what the difference is between indefinite and definite articles, the most common Norwegian articles (or determiners), and how to use them correctly … You have already learned how to conjugate Norwegian verbs, so it’s time to look at the inflection of Norwegian nouns. Enjoy the rest of the lesson! The most common articles in the Norwegian language is en, ei and et which you place before nouns according to their gender (note that for feminine Norwegian nouns you can choose to use ei or en). The exercises are related to the book Exploring Norwegian Grammar.-A book that gives a clear overview of Norwegian grammar, in a foreign language perspective.The exercises are newly written for the site and provide excellent opportunities for drill and testing. If you want to learn more about grammar in the Norwegian language, you’ve come to the right place! In the next lesson we are going to learn the most common question words in Norwegian. Before we discuss Norwegian articles and their usage, it’s important that we understand what indefinite and definite articles are and what the difference between them is. Nouns and Words have a very important role in Norwegian. Determiners include definite and indefinite articles (like the, a or an), demonstratives (this and that), quantifiers (many, some etc. Learn Norwegian Naturally is created and run by Soothing Relaxation AS. Norwegian: An Essential Grammar is a reference guide to the most important aspects of contemporary Norwegian as used by native speakers. Articles are part of a b In this article you have learned what indefinite and definite articles are and how they determine the nouns. Norwegian Lessons: Learn to Speak Norwegian Norwegian Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar with Pronunciation. Norwegian Feminine. These are all examples of indefinite articles in Norwegian and are the equivalents of the English a or an. This marks a difference between bokmål and nynorsk, considering that simple determination, enkel bestemmese, isn’t allowed in nynorsk. – Har du lukket døra? Example 6: Have you closed the door? The category of articles constitutes a part of speech. The majority of nouns in Norwegian are masculine, so they take the indefinite article en. You have got an insight into some of the most common articles in the Norwegian language and you’ve seen examples of the usage of these articles. Introduction This article is about indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Norwegian. The majority of nouns in Norwegian are masculine, so they take the indefinite article en . Enjoy our courses Normed Nynorsk speech mostly used in scripted contexts, like news broadcasts from television stations, such as NRK and TV2. In the vocabulary lists, a noun followed by (n) means that it is a neuter noun and it takes the indefinite article et . Secondly, example 7 also illustrates an interesting aspect with the Norwegian language if you add an adjective in front of huset (for instance: det store huset var veldig fint). Need more Norwegian? Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary. In short, the indefinite introduces the referent into the context, while the definite refers to an entity that is already known. Don't forget to bookmark this page. Exercise 1: Kari er kunde i Nordea. Basic Norwegian classes giving you all the basic grammar for A1 level in Norwegian. Get your learning hat on. We can for instance have a football. Click on the image or the first post, How to inflect Norwegian nouns , in order to start the grammar tour in the Norwegian language! The links above are only a small sample of our lessons, please open the left side menu to see all links. An article is any member of a class of dedicated words that are used with noun phrases to mark the identifiability of the referents of the noun phrases. There are two types of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk. Det/den is the same as that in English. More info: https://www.skapago.eu/nils/Norwegian nouns have genders which you can see in the articles. Articles typically specify grammatical definiteness of the noun phrase, but in many languages they carry additional grammatical information such as gender, number, and case. The inflection of nouns in the Norwegian language depends on which gender the noun is. This football isn’t a specific or known football –  it’s just a football. Predicative adjectives do not inflect for definiteness unlike the attributive adjectives. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Let’s look at Norwegian articles (=determiners) and see some examples of how you can use them. If you're trying to learn Norwegian Articles you will find some useful resources including a course about Definite and Indefinite Articles... to help you with your Norwegian grammar. The double determination, dobbel bestemmelse, means that you have a demonstrative article and an adjective in front of a noun with a suffix attached to it in definite form. Breivik was born in Oslo on 13 February 1979, the son of Wenche Behring (1946–2013), a nurse, and Jens David Breivik (born 1935), a civil economist, who worked as a diplomat for the Norwegian Embassy in London and later in Paris. It’s a good idea to focus on learning one dialect and the Bokmål spelling and grammar in the beginning, before learning to understand other dialects and Nynorsk later. Let’s go! In English you can say the red house and you might therefore think that you can say røde huset in Norwegian. That way you will be able to see how the determiner is used in a full sentence. Exercises focusing on different challenges within Norwegian grammar. Exercise 3: Caroline tar taxi. If you're trying to learn Norwegian, check our courses below about adjectives, adverbs, articles, gender (feminine, masculine...), negation, nouns, numbers, phrases, plural, prepositions, pronouns, questions, verbs, vocabulary, excercises...to help you with your Norwegian grammar.Below are our free Norwegian lessons. Here are two examples of this: Example 8: The happy boy – Den glade gutten. The following are several sentences which include the determiners mentioned above. Definite and Indefinite Articles have a very important role in Norwegian. This article is about indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian. Here’s a masculine noun with an adjective in … Exercise 4: Peter på handletur. Norwegian articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. 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